Due to the lack of funding and infrastructure Peru is definitely not one of the big Olympic nations, nevertheless Peru has a long tradition of representation at the Olympic Games.
Peru´s only gold medalist was in 1948, Edwin Vasquez in the shooting event however they also have another three silver medals in shooting and one silver medal in women´s volleyball.
The first Olympic Games attended by Peru were the famous Berlin 1936 event watched over by Adolf Hitler. It did not end well, Peru beat Austria in the football quarter finals but Austria later complained that Peruvian supporters had invaded the pitch and made the game invalid. At the hearing, the game was awarded in favor of the Austrians as the Peruvian delegation was delayed and did not arrive in time, so could not present any defense. The Peruvian and Colombian Olympic teams withdrew in protest and they were also supported by various other Latin American nations. Back in Peru, locals refused to allow German ships to unload in Lima and protestors attacked the German Embassy.
A total of 254 Peruvian athletes have competed in the Summer Olympic Games and 2 in the Winter Olympics over the years. For this year´s London Olympics Peru has sent 15 competitors and will be competing in swimming, athletics, tae-kwon-do, weightlifting, badminton, rowing and sailing. The most likely to win a medal is Peter Lopez in the 68kg weightlifting category, he gained fourth place in 2008 narrowly missing out on a podium place.
If you want to show some support for Peru in the 2012 London Olympic Games here is what you need to do: Firstly, shout “Vamos Peru” repeatedly and as loudly as possible, preferably while drinking a lot of beer! Secondly make yourself red and white; paint your face with colors, wear red and white clothing or even just wave the Peruvian flag. Thirdly you must make lots of noise by whatever means necessary. While Latin Americans may not have the best athletes or the most supporters at the Olympics, they will certainly have some of the loudest and most enthusiastic crowd.